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At our independence day celebration we have the IAA Bushwalk Questionaire. This is where everyone is armed with a pencil and a multiple choice anwser sheet and sent on a walk to find 15 intriguing questions about Australia and Iceland. We usually give five possible anwsers to each question, so you can use some deductive logic at times. Here is a sample of questions we had in June 2015. Good luck!
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Question 1 of 10
What was the name of the kangaroo in the Australian television series, airing from 1968–1970 about the adventures of a young boy and his intelligent pet kangaroo, and the various visitors to the fictional Waratah National Park in Duffys Forest, near Sydney?Correct
Skippy the Bush Kangaroo (known commonly as Skippy) is an Australian television series created by Australian actor John McCallum, produced from 1967–1969 (airing from 1968–1970) about the adventures of a young boy and his intelligent pet kangaroo, and the various visitors to the fictional Waratah National Park in Duffys Forest, near Sydney.
Ninety-one 30-minute episodes were made. The show was filmed in colour and after airing in its home country, it was shown in the United States and Canada, where it aired in syndication between 1969 and 1972. The Nine Network readily repeated the series several times after Australian television switched to colour transmission in 1975.
The Australian series was one of the most heavily exported programs. It was broadcast in all Commonwealth countries, including in Canada where it was adapted in Quebec for the Standard French market as Skippy le kangourou. The series was also widely distributed in the United States. It was dubbed into Spanish in Mexico, where it is known as Skippy el canguro, and has been seen in most Spanish-speaking countries, including Cuba and Spain, where it became very popular. In Germany, it was known as Skippy das Bush Kangaroo. The series crossed the Iron Curtain and was aired in Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, and is still being broadcast in Iran.Incorrect
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Question 2 of 10
The Australian English alphabet has 26 letters, how many letters are there in the Icelandic alphabet?Correct
The Icelandic alphabet is a Latin alphabet including some letters duplicated with acute accents, in addition it includes the letter eth Ðð, transliterated to d, and the runic letter thorn Þþ, transliterated to th, (pictured to the right); Ææ and Öö are considered letters in their own right and not a ligature or diacritical version of their respective letters. Icelanders call the ten extra letters (not in the English alphabet), especially thorn and eth, séríslenskur (“specifically Icelandic, uniquely Icelandic”), although they are not. Eth is also used in Faroese language, while thorn is no longer used in any other living language. Icelandic words never start with ð, which means the capital version Ð is mainly just used when words are spelled using all capitals.
Sometimes the glyphs are simplified when handwritten, for example æ (considered a separate letter, originally a ligature) may be written as ae, which can make it easier to write cursively.
The alphabet consists of the following 32 letters.Incorrect
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Question 3 of 10
Australia was settled by Europeans in 1778. Prior that, a Dutch ship called Duyfken landed in Cape York, what year was that?Correct
In 1606, the VOC (Dutch East India Company) ship Duyfken sailed into the Gulf of Carpentaria and into history.
Under the command of Willem Janszoon, it became the first European vessel to make a recorded landfall on the Australian coast.
Built in the Netherlands in 1595, the Duyfken (Little Dove) was tiny, barely 20 metres from stem to stern, just six metres across the beam and with a draught (the depth of water it needed to float in) of only 2.45 metres.
The Duyfken was a pinnace, a fast and lightly armed three-masted vessel designed to carry a small but valuable cargo. She had a crew of 20 and could cruise at four knots (about 7 kmh) in moderate conditions. In 1605, the Duyfken was part of a fleet that recaptured from the Portuguese the fort of Van Verre, at Ambon. In the following year, Willem Janszoon, under the instructions of the VOC to look for trading opportunities and a passage to the Pacific, steered the Duyfken south-east from Bantam along the south coast of New Guinea and into the waters of the Gulf of Carpentaria, at the northern tip of Australia, where it made landfall at Pennefather River. Before returning home, Janszoon mapped about 320 kilometres of coastline, thus beginning the Dutch mapping of Australia.Incorrect
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Question 4 of 10
Iceland has a number of Yule Lads which arrive just before Christmas. How many are they?Correct
Icelandic Name English translation Description Arrival Departure
Stekkjarstaur Sheep-Cote Clod Harasses sheep, but is impaired by his stiff peg-legs. December 12 December 25
Giljagaur Gully Gawk Hides in gullies, waiting for an opportunity to sneak into the cowshed and steal milk. December 13 December 26
Stúfur Stubby Abnormally short. Steals pans to eat the crust left on them. December 14 December 27
Þvörusleikir Spoon-Licker Steals Þvörur (a type of a wooden spoon with a long handle – I. þvara) to lick. Is extremely thin due to malnutrition. December 15 December 28
Pottaskefill Pot-Scraper Steals leftovers from pots. December 16 December 29
Askasleikir Bowl-Licker Hides under beds waiting for someone to put down their ‘askur'(a type of bowl with a lid used instead of dishes), which he then steals.December 17 December 30
Hurðaskellir Door-Slammer Likes to slam doors, especially during the night. December 18 December 31
Skyrgámur Skyr-Gobbler A Yule Lad with an affinity for skyr. December 19 January 1
Bjúgnakrækir Sausage-Swiper Would hide in the rafters and snatch sausages that were being smoked. December 20 January 2
Gluggagægir Window-Peeper A voyeur who would look through windows in search of things to steal. December 21 January 3
Gáttaþefur Doorway-Sniffer Has an abnormally large nose and an acute sense of smell which he uses to locate laufabrauð. December 22 January 4
Ketkrókur Meat-Hook Uses a hook to steal meat. December 23 January 5
Kertasníkir Candle-Stealer Follows children in order to steal their candles (which in those days were made of tallow and thus edible). December 24 January 6Incorrect
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Question 5 of 10
One of Australia’s prime minister went for a swim at the Cheviot Beach in Victoria and has never been seen since. What was his name?Correct
On 17th December 1967, Prime Minister Harold Holt disappeared, presumed drowned while swimming at Cheviot Beach which is part of the Point Nepean National Park on the Mornington Peninsula.
Mr. Holt, aged 59, departed Canberra on Friday 15th December and flew to Melbourne in a RAAF VIP aircraft and later drove his maroon Pontiac Parisienne to Portsea on the Mornington Peninsula for a relaxing weekend at his family home. Despite the growing controversy of the Vietnam War, Holt did not feel the need to surround himself with security guards. Zara his wife, stayed behind in Canberra.Incorrect
Question 6 of 10
Icelanders drink Brennivin (Black Death) as the national schnapps. It’s made from fermented potato mash and flavoured with what?Correct
Brennivín is a clear, unsweetened schnapps that is considered to be Iceland’s signature distilled beverage. It is a popular Icelandic liquor and special-occasion alcohol shot, and the traditional drink for the mid-winter feast of Þorrablót. It is made from fermented grain or potato mash and flavoured with caraway. The steeping of herbs in alcohol to create schnapps is a long-held folk tradition in Scandinavian countries. Brennivín has a unique and distinctive taste similar to vodka or Scandinavian akvavit. It is typically bottled at 80 proof.Incorrect
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Question 7 of 10
Australia has some dangerous animals. Which of these animals has killed the most Australians?Correct
Snakes: With 41 recorded deaths between 1980 and 2009, snake deaths in Australia average out at less than two per year.
Spiders: Nobody in Australia has died from a spider bite since 1979 after the successful introduction of antivenom for all native species.
Sharks*: Accounted for 25 deaths between 2000 and (March) 2012 in Australia, about 2 a year.
Crocodiles: Historically, crocodiles account for less than one death per year here in Australia, although that is increasing slightly as the crocodile population rises following the ban on crocodile hunting in 1971.
Blue Ringed Octopus: Just 3 recorded deaths in the last century.
Stonefish: One unconfirmed death by stonefish in 1915.
Cone Snails: I could find no recorded deaths from cone snails in Australia whatsoever.
Killer Jellyfish: Jellyfish account for (at time of writing) 66 deaths since records began in 1883. The box jellyfish was responsible for 64 deaths, and the Irukandji the other two. It sounds a lot, but still less than one death per year, more like just half a death per year.Incorrect
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Question 8 of 10
The capital city of Iceland is the most northern capital city in the world. It was founded by a Norse chieftain, Ingolfur Arnarson in 874. What is it’s name?Correct
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland. Its latitude, at 64°08′ N, makes it the world’s northernmost capital of a sovereign state and a popular tourist destination. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of the Faxaflói Bay. With a population of around 120,000 (and over 200,000 in the Capital Region), it is the heart of Iceland’s cultural, economic and governmental activity.
Reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, which Ingólfur Arnarson is said to have established around AD 870. Until the 18th century, there was no urban development in the city location. The city was founded in 1786 as an official trading town and grew steadily over the next decades, as it transformed into a regional and later national center of commerce, population, and governmental activities. It is among the cleanest, greenest, and safest cities in the world.Incorrect
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Question 9 of 10
What proportion of Australia’s population is born overseas?Correct
The cultural and linguistic diversity of Australia’s resident population has been reshaped over many years by migration. Historically, more people immigrate to, than emigrate from, Australia. At 30 June 2013, 27.7% of the estimated resident population (ERP) was born overseas (6.4 million people). This was an increase from 30 June 2012, when 27.3% of the ERP was born overseas (6.2 million people). In 2003, ten years earlier, 23.6% of the ERP were born overseas (4.7 million people).Incorrect
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Question 10 of 10
The Aussie dollar is the fifth most traded currency in the world. What year did it change from pounds and shillings to decimal?Correct
The Australian dollar (sign: $; code: AUD) is the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. Within Australia it is almost always abbreviated with the dollar sign ($), with A$ sometimes used to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is subdivided into 100 cents.
As of 2011, the Australian dollar is the 5th most traded currency in the world, accounting for 7.6% of the world’s daily share. It trades in the world foreign exchange markets behind the US dollar, the euro, the yen and the pound sterling. The Australian dollar is popular with currency traders, because of the comparatively high interest rates in Australia, the relative freedom of the foreign exchange market from government intervention, the general stability of Australia’s economy and political system, and the prevailing view that the Australian dollar offers diversification benefits in a portfolio containing the major world currencies, especially because of its greater exposure to Asian economies and the commodities cycle. The currency is commonly referred to by foreign-exchange traders as the “Aussie”.
With pounds, shillings and pence to be replaced by decimal currency on 14 February 1966, many names for the new currency were suggested. In 1965, the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Menzies, a monarchist, wished to name the currency the royal. Other proposed names included more exotic suggestions such as the austral, the oz, the boomer, the roo, the kanga, the emu, the digger, the Quid, the dinkum and the ming (Menzies’s nickname). Menzies’s influence resulted in the selection of the “royal,” and trial designs were prepared and printed by the Reserve Bank of Australia. The name for the currency proved unpopular and was later dropped in favour of the dollar.Incorrect